|Toe plates are handy for quick toe checks on the fly. They are simple and easy to use.|
Too much toe-in or out:
• Causes tire wear on the outside and inside edges of the tire respectively. Toe can ruin a tire very quickly.
• Any toe setting past 1/8″ of an inch either way has a very negative effect on tire life in street driving.
• Too much toe has probably ruined more tires on lowered cars than any other single attribute.
• Anytime you use more than ¼” of toe, you are risking getting into the too much zone, proceed with caution.
|Smart strings are super accurate and are used to set the toe on all 4 wheels at once off of a common datum plane.|
Every car is adjustable for front toe through the steering tie rod ends. All multilink cars are adjustable for toe front and rear. Cars that are live or beam rear axle usually must have the axle or axle-housing bent to adjust toe by an experienced chassis shop although some can be adjusted with wedge type shims under the hub carriers.
|Front toe is adjusted by turning the turnbuckle on the front tie rods. All cars are like this. On Mike Essa’s BMW drift car it is the red rod shown here.|
|Rear toe adjustment is different on various cars. On Mike Essa’s car it is adjusted through turning the turnbuckles on this blue link.|
Below are some typical toe adjustments for different cars, tire wear expectations and styles of driving.*
Aggressive Street Driver
Front 0 to 1/16” in
Rear 1/8” in
|Weekend Hot Lapper||Front 0-1/8” out||Front 0 to 1/8” out||Rear 0-1/8” out||Rear 1/8” in|
|Racer Only/ Serious Autocross/ Serious Drifter||Front 1/8-1/4” out||Front 0 to ¼” out||Rear 0-1/4” out||Rear 0-1/4” in|
*The Nissan GTR and GT-R uses alignment settings more like a RWD car instead of an AWD car as it behaves more like a RWD.
|Costa Gialamas uses Smart Strings to set up Matt Powers’ car at Formula D Long Beach. Smart Strings are highly portable and easy to use in the field.|
Since toe is easy to adjust, we suggest you use the above as a rough guideline and experiment to tune your chassis to your preference.