Project GD STI: Getting Rid of Chassis Flex with Cusco
The GD STI/WRX had what was considered to be a very stiff chassis when it was first released internationally in 2000. The new Impreza platform was built to be much stronger than it predecessor and used much of the experience gleaned in rally competition to build a chassis that was over 100% stiffer than the outgoing GC platform. However, that was 17 years ago, and the design that was once the leading edge in unibody chassis integrity is now something that is just average.
In chassis tuning, the stiffness of the body structure is everything. We tune a lot of the car's dynamic response by altering the slip angle of the front or rear tires. We do this by tuning the weight transfer to either end of the car by messing with spring rates, anti-sway bars, shock damping, and other mechanical things. A flexing chassis makes these things difficult by making it hard to transfer weight; the adjustments to the suspension are taken up by body flex instead of being applied to the tire contact patch.
A flexing chassis also makes it hard to get shock calibration right and deliver a smooth ride with good control. Think of the chassis as a huge spring with no damping. The chassis flexes in response to road irregularities and rebounds without the control of dampers. This uncontrolled rebound is detected as harshness by the driver and passengers. A stiff chassis diverts this force into the springs and dampers where it can be controlled with tuning.
We used to feel that our GD STI had pretty decent body structure, but after spending some time in the new VA WRX, even some standout older cars like our EP Civic, and as well as the new ITR Civic, we realized that the GD is just about average in the stiffness department- especially compared to the late model stuff.
In order to stiffen up our 90's designed chassis, we enlisted the help of Cusco. Cusco produces a more extensive list of body stiffening devices than any other manufacturer for most popular Japanese performance cars. We have had a lot of experience and good results with their chassis braces on our FR-S and EVO IX projects in the past, and we now felt it was time to bring our STI up to speed.
The STI is a special case; we had adjusted the STI's ride height pretty low, purely for cosmetic reasons, probably too low for ideal, rough road conditions. To prevent from blowing through the travel on harsh, unmaintained LA county pavement, we turned up the high-speed compression damping on our KW 3-way Clubsports to the point where the ride was slightly jiggly- not ideal for best grip. Could we get rid of this by making the chassis stiffer?
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The only issue we have is that it has a bend in it to clear the stock top mount intercooler, but since that is gone on our car, the bend is not needed. We would rather have a triangulated brace with a straight section between the towers, but no Subaru bar is made like that due to the factory top mount.
At least the Cusco bar has one of the largest stiffness improving cross sections of all the Subaru bars on the market.
Many bars neck down here or have a rod end bearing here, which does not couple the bar in torsion well. There is both bending, mostly in compression and twist here, so a rod end is not ideal. We much prefer how the Cusco bar's end construction is more suitable for the types of loads it will see in this area.
After installing all the Cusco parts do you think that if you could do it over you’d have chosen Cusco instead of Whiteline for the parts you replaced in “Part One- Rebuilding the Suspension” ?
I’ve looking to do the same suspension things to my 04 STi as you did with with this 05. I’m tempted to be just as snobby as you and go all Cusco. coilovers, bushings, ends, links, bracing, etc.
Do you think that would be too far and its better that you got KW, Whiteline and Cusco in various parts?
I like the Cusco braces but prefer the other brands for those parts, especially the shocks.
Ok, thank you for the response and all the articles!